Here’s why sexpionage is so surprisingly effective

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The military is accelerating emerging technology for Abrams tanks designed to give combat vehicles the ability to identify, track and destroy oncoming enemy rocket-propelled grenades within milliseconds, service officials said.


Called Active Protection Systems, or APS, the technology uses sensors and radar, computer processing, fire control technology, and interceptors to find, target and shoot down or intercept incoming enemy fire such as RPGs and guided missiles. anti-tank, or ATGM. Systems of this type have been in development for many years, but rapid technological advancements in enemy tank shells, missiles and RPGs are leading the military to test and develop APS more quickly for its fleet of Abrams tanks.

“The military is examining a range of international solutions produced domestically and allied companies participating in the Army’s Modular Active Protection Systems (MAPS) program,” an Army official told Scout Warrior.

The idea is to arm armored fighting vehicles and wheeled tactical vehicles with additional protection technology to protect platforms and soldiers from enemy fire; vehicles intended for the use of APS systems are infantry fighting vehicles such as Bradleys as well as Stykers, Abrams tanks and even tactical vehicles such as transport trucks and the new replacement Humvee, the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle .

“The Army’s fast-track APS effort is being managed by a coordinated team of tank automotive research engineers, development engineering center engineers, acquisition and industry professionals; and aims to assess the current state of the art of APS by installing and characterizing some non-scalable APS systems existing on military combat vehicles, ”said the military official.

General Dynamics Land Systems, maker of Abrams tanks, is working with the military to better integrate APS into Abrams tank subsystems, rather than just using an applied system, development director Mike Peck told Scout. commercial, General Dynamics Land Systems. Warrior in an interview.

Peck said General Dynamics plans to test an APS system called Trophy on the Abrams tank next year.

An M2A2 Bradley in action during a mission in Iraq. (US Air Force)

Being designed as one of the strongest and most armored vehicles in existence, the Abrams tank is designed to withstand a high degree of enemy fire, such as certain enemy tank shells, RPGs, rockets and missiles. Abrams tanks can also carry reactive armor, a material used to detonate incoming enemy fire in a material that protects the chassis and crew of the vehicle itself. However, depending on the range, speed, and location of enemy fire impact, certain weapons still pose a significant threat to Abrams tanks. Therefore, having an APS system that could take out enemy shells before they hit the tank, without a doubt, adds an extra layer of protection for the tank and crew. A particular threat area for Abrams tanks is the possibility of enemy shells hitting its ammo compartment, causing a damaging secondary explosion.

APS on Abrams tanks, understandably, is the type of protective technology that could aid US Army tanks in mechanized tank-to-tank warfare against nearby enemy tanks, such as a high-tech Russian T- tank. 14 Armata. According to a report in The National Interest by Dave Majumdar (Click here for the story), Russian T-14s are designed with an unmanned turret, reactive armor and active protection systems.

A challenge with technology is to develop the appropriate protocol or tactics, techniques and procedures so that soldiers walking near a vehicle are not vulnerable to shrapnel, debris or fragments from the explosion. between an interceptor and approaching enemy fire.

“The accelerated activity will inform future decisions and business space for the Army’s overall APS strategy which uses the MAPS program to develop a modular capability that can be integrated on any platform,” said the responsible for the army.

Rafael’s Trophy System, Artis Corporation’s Iron Curtain, The Iron Fist of Israel’s Military Industry, UBT / Rheinmetall’s ADS System and others.

Trophy

DRS Technologies and Israel-based Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Call on the U.S. Military to Consider Acquiring Their Recently Combat-Tested Trophy Active Protection System, a vehicle-mounted technology designed to instantly locate and destroy enemy fire incoming.

Using a 360-degree radar, processor and on-board computer, Trophy is designed to locate, track and destroy oncoming fire from a range of weapons such as anti-tank missiles or ATGMs, or rocket propelled grenades, or RPGs.

Here's why sexpionage is so surprisingly effective
DRS Technologies

The interceptor consists of a series of small shaped charges attached to a gimbal on top of the vehicle. The small explosives are sent to a specific point in space to intercept and destroy the approaching shell, he added.

The radar sweeps the entire perimeter of the platform to a known distance. When a threat enters this range, the system detects and classifies that threat and tells the on-board computer which determines the optical breakpoint in space, a DRS official said.

Trophy was recently deployed in combat in Gaza on Israel Defense Forces Merkava tanks. Tanks from a brigade used Trophy to destroy approaching enemy fire such as RPGs in a very crowded urban environment, he added.

“Dozens of threats have been thrown at these platforms, many of which have reportedly been fatal to these vehicles. Trophy engaged these threats and defeated them in all cases without collateral injury, without danger for exits and without false engagement ”, declared the person in charge of the DRS.

Here's why sexpionage is so surprisingly effective
US Army Strykers in Romania. | us army photo

While the Trophy system was primarily designed to track and destroy incoming enemy fire, it also offers the added benefit of locating an enemy gunner’s position.

“The trophy will not only knock an RPG out of the sky, but it will also calculate the location of the shooter. This will enable what we call slew-to-cue. At the same time as the system defeats the threat that presents itself, it will allow the main gun, sensor or weapon station to move with sights towards the origin of the threat and engage, identify or call the fire. At the very least, you will receive an early warning to enable you to take action, ”explained the DRS official. “I’m no longer on the defensive with Trophy. The Israeli commanders will tell you “I am leading the fight against the enemy”.

The Israelis developed Trophy after realizing that tanks couldn’t simply receive more armor without dramatically reducing their maneuverability and deployability, DRS officials said.

Trophy APS was selected by the Israel Defense Forces as an active protection system designed to protect the Namer Heavy Infantry Fighting Vehicle.

The Iron Curtain of Artis Corporation

A Virginia-based defense company known as Artis, developer of the Iron Curtain APS system, uses two independent sensors, radar and optical, along with high-speed calculations and counter-munitions to detect and intercept gunfire in approach, according to several reports.

The Iron Curtain began in 2005 with the Pentagon’s research arm known as DARPA; the APS system is designed to defeat enemy fire at extremely close ranges.

Systems developers and several reports – such as a Defense Review account – say the Iron Curtain beats threats within inches of their target, separating the system from many others that intercept threats several feet away. The aim is to design a reliable system with minimal risk of collateral damage to dismounted troops or civilians.

The defense review report also states that Iron Curtain’s sensors can target approaching RPG shots with an accuracy of one meter.

The Iron Curtain radar was developed by the Mustang Technology Group in Plano, Texas.

“The Iron Curtain has already been successfully demonstrated on the ground. They installed the system on an armored HMMWV (Humvee) and Iron Curtain protected the vehicle from an RPG. Apparently, the countermeasure detonates the RPG warhead without detonating it, leaving the “frightened” RPG fragments simply bouncing off the side of the vehicle. The Iron Curtain is supposed to be light and inexpensive, with a minimum false alarm rate and a minimum internal footprint, ”the defense review report said.

IRON FIST from Israel

Israel’s IMISystems has also developed an APS system that uses a multi-sensor early warning system with infrared and radar sensors.

“Electro-optical jammers, instant smoke screens and, if necessary, an active protection system based on interceptors,” say IMISystems officials.

IRON FIST capability demonstrators have undergone comprehensive end-to-end interception testing, against all types of threats, operating on the move and in urban scenarios. These tests included both heavy and lightly armored vehicles.

“In these installations, IRON FIST has proven to be very effective, with its wide angle protection, minimal weight penalty and modest integration requirements,” company officials said.

UBT / Rheinmetall active defense system

German defense companies called Rheinmetall and IBD Deisenroth in Germany have joined forces to develop active vehicle protection systems; Rheinmetall AG holds a 74% stake, the remainder being held by IBD Deisenroth GmbH.

Described as a system operating on the “hard kill” principle, ADS is designed for vehicles of all weight classes; it claims to defend itself against light anti-tank weapons, guided missiles and certain improvised explosive devices (IEDs).

“The sensor system detects an incoming projectile as it approaches the vehicle, such as a shaped charge or an anti-tank missile. Then, in a few microseconds, the system activates a protection sector, applying directed pyrotechnic energy to destroy the projectile in the immediate vicinity of the vehicle. Due to its downward trajectory, ADS minimizes collateral damage to the area surrounding the vehicle, ”the company’s website states.



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